Peking Opera is regarded as China’s national
opera and is the most popular and widespread opera in the country.
It is generally believed that Peking opera developed from several
ancient local operas during the mid and late 19th century. In
1790th,the 55th year of Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong’s
reign, the Sanqing Anhui Opera Troupe moved from Anhui Province
to Beijing to perform in the celebrations to –mark Emperor
Qianlong’s 80th birthday. Later, three more Anhui opera
troupes-the Sixi, Chuntai, Hechun troupes also came to perform
in Beijing. Together with Sanqing, they were referred to as the
Four Anhui Opera Troupes.
Peking Opera is a comprehensive art that has
singing, recitation, acting and acrobatics (dancing) at its core.
Feelings and ideas are often expressed through symbolic motions,
and the unique format has developed over long years of performance.
Using its standardized yet flexible format, many Peking opera
artists have created a lot of vivid, touching characters with
distinct personalities, thus helping Peking opera develop and